Your baby grows and grows over these nine months, nestled in the pit of your tummy. However, the fetus needs all your vigilance to develop in peace. Here is a reminder to tape on the fridge!
You don’t take any medicine from the family pharmacy, if only to cure a cold – for example, using a nasal decongestant is not a good idea because it has a vasoconstrictor effect. The watchword: take at least the advice of your pharmacist and/or consult a homeopath. Indeed, the banalest of drugs can be dangerous, such as paracetamol. Take it temporarily for pain for two to three days, why not, but not all the time! Spasfon is also authorized, respecting the prescription of your obstetrician. On the other hand, aspirin-like any NSAID (a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug) is not recommended during pregnancy. Why?
Because this class of drugs is likely to cause miscarriages in early pregnancy and, over the months, vascular abnormalities in the placenta, heart attack, or even fetal death.
Be aware, however, that in some cases, the expectant mother may be prescribed aspirin (infant dose) to prevent preeclampsia.
A Consultation With The Dentist At The Start Of Pregnancy
An appointment with the dentist in early pregnancy is recommended. Why do you have to go? Because the hormonal (in particular a greater secretion of progesterone ) and immunological changes during pregnancy lead to a greater risk of infection. Any infection – whether dental, urinary, vaginal, etc. leads to inflammation of the blood … and an increased risk of premature labor. It is, therefore, better to treat immediately (even before pregnancy if you have programmed it) a cavity, pain, bleeding gum. Be aware that an untreated infection is not always accompanied by a fever over time and may go unnoticed. You have no excuse not to treat yourself, care and anesthesia are possible! In addition, pregnant women can benefit from a consultation reimbursed at 100% by Health Insurance (give the dentist the form sent by your fund) without advance payment, from the fourth month of pregnancy until the twelfth day after. childbirth. Think about it!
Omega-3s On The Menu
Omega-3s are those famous essential fatty acids that we are hearing about. Well Named! They are essential on everyone’s plate and particularly that of pregnant women. Omega-3s – including DHA or docosahéxaenoic acid – participate in the brain and nervous development of the fetus and its retina. This shows their importance! In addition, studies have shown that regular consumption allows you to maintain good morale and to suffer less from baby blues after childbirth. Not negligible! To have a sufficient level of omega-3 and DHA on your plate, it is advisable to eat two servings of fish per week, including at least one oily fish. Choose small ones like mackerel, sardines, and herring to avoid the accumulation of mercury. Also consume rapeseed, linseed, walnut, black cumin, or camelina oils, combined with olive oil for its omega-9s, at the rate of two to three tablespoons per day. You will also find omega-3 in the eggs of hens fed on flax seeds, especially those from the blue-white-heart sector.
Adequate Physical Activity
It’s good for your form and morale, and when you are pregnant you need it. But not just any sport! We forget about scuba diving, whatever the stage of pregnancy because the lack of oxygenation would be dangerous for the fetus. Sports which “type” and with a risk of significant trauma are also not recommended: downhill skiing, squash, mountain biking, horse riding, parachute jumping, etc. Team sports (volleyball, basketball, handball) are not recommended because of the risk of collision with the opponent. Favor swimming on the back, walking, gentle gym, and yoga.
Fever, The Enemy To Fight
Without becoming paranoid, keep in mind that from 38 ° C rectal temperature (taken under the armpit, add 0.5 ° C), you must monitor. It may be just a rhino, but fever is sometimes synonymous with infection (angina, urinary tract infection that can degenerate into pyelonephritis, dental, listeriosis, toxoplasmosis, etc.) – and which says infection says manufacture of prostaglandins, hormones responsible for contractions. Repeat the temperature measurement during the day and advise. If you don’t have any other associated symptoms, it is obviously not the same as if you also have a stomach ache, contractions, diarrhea, etc. “In the first case, you can wait until the next day to make a phone call to your doctor, who will give you the procedure to follow, advises our obstetrician-gynecologist. In the second case, do it during the day.”
Reasonable Weight Gain
Gaining a lot of pounds during pregnancy or starting her overweight can promote gestational diabetes, which leads to complications, especially for the fetus. A dietary follow-up is then put in place. In fact, the excess sugar in the mother’s blood passes into that of the fetus: the latter grows and grows too quickly, which makes it more fragile. During childbirth, her weight could cause shoulder dystocia (they get stuck) with stretching of the nerves. A cesarean may be necessary. At birth, check that the baby is not suffering from hypoglycemia. A weight gain excess also leads to complications for the expectant mother: triggering and forceps are more common. The “ideal” weight gain is estimated at + 12 kilos for a person of average build (BMI between 18 and 25). Skinny, the future mother is “allowed” to take more without worry; overweight or obese, much less.
Contractions, A Necessary Evil To Watch Out For
All pregnant women have contractions, even if they do not identify them as such. When asked the question, many expectant mothers tell their gynecologist: “I feel like period pain.” Well, these are contractions! The uterus is a muscle that grows during pregnancy, and in order to do this, muscle cells must contract to create volume and accommodate the fetus. Note that it also contracts during menstruation and obviously during childbirth to “push” the baby out of the mother’s womb. “10 contractions felt per day are acceptable, underlines. Beyond that, it is necessary to consult, a Doctor when they are painful.”
The risk is that the traction exerted on the fibers of the uterus will encourage the uterus to start its dilation work too early in the pregnancy. The cure? Rest, sometimes enough.
Vitamin B9 Supplementation
It is also called folic acid. This supplementation is recommended during the periconceptional period, that is to say at least two months before pregnancy and during the first trimester. Vitamin B9 (0.4 mg per day) reduces the risk of miscarriage and abnormalities in the closure of the neural tube (the cells that form the nervous system of the fetus), for example, spina bifida. Hence its importance! After a miscarriage, women are usually supplemented with vitamin B9. Do you have a baby plan? Your gynecologist will prescribe it for you but this is not systematic, so ask him for it if he forgets. Be aware that no other supplementation is recommended during pregnancy apart from iron and vitamin D.
Tobacco, A Harmful Addiction
Not only does tobacco increase the potential complications of pregnancy (risk of miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy, retroplacental hematoma) but it also affects the development of the fetus (and the baby after birth). The latter’s birth weight and head circumference decrease in proportion to the increase in the level of carbon monoxide expired by the mother during childbirth (the study was carried out on pregnant women in the maternity ward). Ditto for the Apgar score and gestational age. A baby of low weight and/or born earlier is more fragile and is exposed to a higher risk of respiratory diseases – such as bronchiolitis – and sudden death. It is very difficult to motivate yourself to quit smoking. Think of a consultation with a midwife tobacco specialist, patches, acupuncture, medical hypnosis, cardiac coherence, auriculotherapy, etc.
Alcohol, Consequences Sometimes Invisible At Birth
Alcohol is teratogenic, that is to say, that it is likely to cause malformations. The danger exists whatever the stage of pregnancy, from the first two months, because organ formation takes place during this period, and beyond because the brain develops until birth (and even later). The lightest form, invisible at birth, is only seen around the age of 6-8 years: days, memory and attention problems, hyperactivity, difficulty controlling emotions, etc. The risk exists regardless of the amount of alcohol drunk. The heaviest form is called fetal alcohol syndrome (Saf). The child presents, among other things, deformities of the face, and sometimes of the organs, a small brain, and major cognitive disorders.